ysupete    ysu word mark
Posted: Janaury 18, 2007       Revised: May 15, 2007

bacterial types
Colorized electron micrograph
depticting three common forms of bacateria (courtesy of www.denniskunkel.com

BIOL 3702: Microbiology

Spring 2007 Semester

Lecture Course Code 0369

Course Instructor: Dr. Chet Cooper
Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences

Lecture Day/Time:
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, 10:00 AM - 10:50 AM

Location: Ward Beecher Science Hall Auditorium, Room 3022

General Quick Links
Go to the desired section of the syllabus by pressing the appropriate underlined link

BIOL 3702 Laboratory Home Page
[replaces this web page]
Current Scores/Grades
[as of May 15, 2007; replaces this web page]

Lecture Outlines     Dr. Cooper's Info     Take-Home Exams     Laboratory Info     Course Description    Goals/Objectives     Course Calendar

Course Materials     Disability Statement      Grading      Attendance     Instructor's Resources
     Distribution of Material     Classroom Decorum

          Required MyYSU Email     Turnitin.com     Syllabus Acknowledgement     Posting of Grades     Syllabus Disclaimer     Copyright

"Welcome to Microbiology"

dr c
I am your instructor for this semester, Dr. Chet Cooper.  BIOL 3702 (Microbiology), and its associated laboratory section (BIOL 3702L),  is four semester-hour upper-division course at Youngstown State University (YSU).  The course is  intended for undergraduate students majoring in biology, but students in other majors may also find this course quite beneficial.

As your instructor, I am wholly committed to providing you a sound education in the foundations of microbiology.  With the same commitment on your part, I guarantee that your experiences in this course will give you a different and accurate perspective of the role that microbes play in the environment as well as in human affairs.

We very much look forward to an exceptional enjoyable semester as your  instructors.  Should you have any questions or comments about anything related to this, please be sure to contact either or us.

The BIOL 3702 Home Page has been constructed to contain all the necessary information that students need to actively participate in this course.  In essence, it represents my syllabus for Microbiology.   Embedded within this web page are numerous links to various documents, web sites, and current information that form an integral part of BIOL 3702.  These links are provided as buttons or as underlined words/phrases (initially blue in color, but which change to green for a period of time once activated).  All one needs to do is click on the button or underlined words with your mouse to go to place within or outside this web page.  I strongly encourage students to refer often to the links in these web pages and exploit all the potential information contained therein to enhance their mycological knowledge.

As your first assignment for this course, carefully and completely read through this web-based syllabus for BIOL 3702.  If there is something that you don't understand or is not clear, please tell me.  I will be happy to alleviate your misunderstanding or confusion.  Pay particular attention to the section entitled "Acknowledgement of Syllabus".  A Syllabus Acknowledgement Form (SAF) must be downloaded, completed and submitted to me no later than 10:00 AM on January 31st.   My policy is that I will not administer any assignment, quiz, or examination to a student until the form is submitted.  In other words, you will receive no grades or scores for this course without my having received from you a completed SAF.  In essence, by reading, signing, and submitting this form, you signify that you have accessed and reviewed the web syllabus as well as agree to abide by all of
its requirements and policies.

I very much look forward to an exceptional enjoyable semester as your mycology instructor.  Should you have any questions or comments about anything related to this, please be sure to contact me.

Best Wishes for a Great Semester in Microbiology!
                                                                                     dr c. sig 

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Dr. Cooper's Contact Information:

Office Hours:

Mondays through Fridays, 11:00 AM to 12:00 PM
All other times by appointment

Office Location:

Ward Beecher Science Hall, Room 4015

  Telephone:   330.941.1361

Email:   crcooper01@ysu.edu

Course Description:

(as published on page 247 of the 2006-2007 YSU Undergraduate Bulletin)

BIOL 3702/3702L. Microbiology.  Fundamentals of the biology of microbes.  The principles of microbial structure, function, reproduction, metabolism, genetics, phylogeny, host-parasite relationships, and immunity.  Fundamental technical skills acquired through laboratory experiences.  Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory.  Prereq.  BIOL 2601 and concurrent enrollment in BIOL 3702L.  4 s.h.+ 0 s.h.

The BIOL 3702 curriculum has been devised to encompass the recommendations set forth by the American Society for Microbiology (Click here to go to the web page describing these recommendations).  By implementing these recommendations, BIOL 3702 is a broadly effective and cohesive undergraduate course in microbiology.  As designed, BIOL 3702 provides a mixed lecture/laboratory educational experience focused upon the rudimentary concepts of microbiology.  BIOL 3702 not only prepares students for more advanced courses in the microbiological sciences, but also provides knowledge essential to many diverse careers in biology, e.g., biotechnology, biomedical research, etc.  This course also serves students desiring a career in medicine, dentistry, podiatry, etc.

Students who enroll in BIOL 3702 must concurrently enroll in a laboratory section, BIOL 3702L, as well.  The laboratory component of this BIOL 3702 is an integral part of Microbiology.  There are no exceptions to enrolling in BIOL 3702L, although there may be some consideration for work previously accomplished by students repeating Microbiology (see course instructor for information). Also, there is a fee for BIOL 3702L which helps defray the costs of materials used in the laboratory.

In addition, the laboratory section of Microbiology, BIOL 3702L, has been designated as an approved Writing Intensive component of the YSU General Education Requirement.

Course Goals and Objectives:

BIOL 3702 will prepare students for professional careers that utilize the principles of the microbiological sciences through the mastery of the following specific objectives:

  • learn the concepts of microbial anatomy, growth, metabolism, and genetics
  • identify virulence factors associated with microbial diseases
  • realize the foundations of microbial taxonomy and phylogeny
  • appreciate the role of microbes in human affairs
  • understand the mechanism of action for common antibiotics
  • comprehend the basis of the host-response to microbial infection
  • recognize the importance of proper public dissemination of information
  • accurately perform basic laboratory procedures
  • practice data acquisition, analysis, and reporting
  •  learn to write effectively about microbiology-related topics

Students who successfully complete BIOL 3702 will be provided the tools needed for continued learning in the area of microbiology by achieving the following specific objectives:

  • learning scientific terminology
  • implement the scientific method
  • efficiently and effectively communicate scientific knowledge
  • understand the fundamentals of the microbiological sciences
  • apply problem-solving techniques
  • work collaboratively with others

Course Materials:

Required Textbook Microbiology, 6th edition, by L. M. Prescott,
J. P. Harley, and D. A. Klein.  2005.  WCB McGraw-Hill.

Required Laboratory Manual: Laboratory Exercises in Microbiology, 6th Edition, by J. P. Harley.  2005.  WCB McGraw-Hill.

Required Laboratory Materials: Students must acquire a laboratory coat (or smock) and safety glasses to be permitted to participate in all laboratory activities.  

Optional Study Guide: Student Study Guide for Use with Microbiology, 5th edition, by L. M. Sherwood.  2001.  WCB McGraw-Hill.

Disability Statement:

In accordance with University procedures, students who have a documented disability and require accommodations to obtain equal acess in this course must contact Dr. Cooper privately to discuss the individual's specific needs.  Persons enrolled in this course and currently having a documented disability must notify Dr. Cooper of their needs no later than January 31, 2007.  In addition, students having a disability must be properly registered with the Disability Services Office (Beeghly Hall, Room 3310; telephone 330.941.1372).  Also, to be properly registered, a letter of accommodations verifying the student's eligibilty must be provided.  Individuals who develop a disability during the semester must notify Dr. Cooper within one week after being properly registered with the Disability Services Office.  Students with disabilities are reminded that in addition to certain rights and privileges covered by law and University policy, they also have obligations and responsibilities that must be met.  Students are strongly encouraged to review these rights and responsibilities as outlined on the Disability Services Office web page.

Grade Components:

A student’s final grade in BIOL 3702 will be based upon scores earned in four lecture examinations [100 points each], four take-home examinations [50 points each], ten quizzes [10 points each; actually 11 ten-point quizzes will be administered with one being a bonus quiz], a short term paper [100 points], and various laboratory assignments [200 points].   The details regarding the topic and composition of the term paper can be obtained by clicking here to download a PDF document.  The deadlines for submission of various components have been established (see Lecture Calendar). 

The laboratory component of the course is comprised of 200 points broken down as follows: four quizzes at 15 points each, three skills tests (two at 5 points each and one of 20 points), various laboratory reports (100 points total), and 10 points towards laboratory citizenship.  Hence there are a total of 1000 points in this course.

Students who are absent from an examination, quiz, or in-class assignment will have a score of “0” recorded.  No exemptions to taking the examination on the scheduled date will be given except in cases of extreme circumstances.  The decision of whether or not to grant an exemption is entirely at the discretion of the instructor and is not subject to further appeal.

No opportunities will be granted for earning extra credit.  Student initiated requests for extra credit opportunities will not be entertained and may be acidly received. 

Grading Scale.  The following scale will be used to assign final grades for this course:

Final Grade Total Points
A (90% or greater) 900 points or more
B (80 – 89 %) 800 – 899 points
C (70 – 79%) 700 – 799 points
D (60 – 69%) 600 – 699 points
F (59% or less) 599 points or less

This grading scale is absolute.  This is no "curving" of grades.     


A record of attendance will not be kept.  However, students are strongly encouraged to attend each lecture.  The lecture for this course begins promptly at 10:00 AM on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays throughout the semester.   The laboratory section meets promptly as scheduled for each section.  (NOTE: This course operates on “Ward Beecher Time” which may or may not correlate to the time that exists at other places on campus.  Students are strongly encouraged to synchronize their timepieces).

On those dates for which a quiz, in-class assignment, or examination is scheduled, students who are late may not be permitted to take the quiz.  This is entirely at Dr. Cooper's discretion.

Special Attendance Note #1:  Except for extenuating circumstances, it is generally unacceptable for a student to request to take an examination at a time other than the scheduled date.  Having a second examination the day before, the day after, or on the same day is absolutely certain not to evoke any sympathy from Dr. Cooper (after all, the nickname given to him by his admirers is BOB, an acronym for Bastard of Biology!).  Please do not even ask for special dispensation for such a reason.  However, Dr. Cooper is willing to listen (and perhaps chuckle to himself) other reasons that a student may deem to be extenuating (please note - havng in excess of two grandmothers die during the semester will be considered suspicously gratuitous).  The decision regarding the student's reasoned argument/request for a change in the examination date/time is solely at Dr. Cooper's discretion and, once rendered, is final.

Special Attendance Note #2:  It is entirely unacceptable for any student to request that he/she be permitted to take Examination II earlier than March 9th or \ Examination IV prior to May 11th in order to shorten their time on campus or to leave for another commitment (e.g, vacation, start a job, etc.).  Such requests will not only be acidly received, they will be strongly rebuked.   Dr. Cooper's advice - Don't Mess With BOB.

Resources Used By The Course Instructor:

Unless otherwise noted by Dr. Cooper, all material presented to students in this course represents either i) selected portions of information contained within the course’s textbook(s) or supplementary material, ii) information published in the scientific literature, iii) current issues reported by the news media, or iv) knowledge otherwise commonly known to professional microbiologists or mycologists.  Dr. Cooper makes no claim of “ownership” of facts and/or ideas presented in this course unless specifically noted.  All facts and/or ideas are used solely for educational purposes.  Dr. Cooper makes every effort to appropriately attribute facts and/or ideas to their proper sources.

Distribution of Course Material:

All original material on the BIOL 4848/6948 course web site, as well as all original material presented in either the classroom or laboratory, including orally-transmitted lectures, is considered protected by a copyright held by Dr. Cooper.  In general, students enrolled in BIOL 4848/6948 have permission to download, print, and distribute materials copyrighted by Dr. Cooper without his expressed written permission so long as such materials are not used for activities i) associated with the commission of academic dishonesty, ii) intended to circumvent course policies, iii) which result in monetary profit by either the student or others, and iv) that do not violate copyright protections.  For further information, please see Copyright Restrictions.

Other Responsibilities/Expected Behavior:

Electronic Communication/Data Storage Devices.  During lecture, all cellular telephones, pagers, or other electronic communication devices must be turned off or set in the quiet/vibration mode of operation.  Data storage devices (e.g., personal desk assistants, lap top computers, etc.) may be used during lectures and only if they do not cause distraction to other students or the course instructor.  Students failing to meet this expectation will be invited to leave the classroom until such time that they comply with this policy.

During examinations and quizzes, all electronic devices (including personal desktop assistants, computers, etc.) are strictly prohibited.  Students violating this policy will be suspected to have committed academic dishonesty.

Examinations and Quizzes.  Examinations are to be taken without assistance from other students.  If you are aware of any student cheating or having a copy of the current exam, please contact the instructor.  Academic dishonesty in any form will not be tolerated in this course.  Penalties for such action will be enforced.

Decorum.  At all times, students are expected to exhibit behavior appropriate for young (or even older) adults.  Such behavior is delimited by University policy.  Inappropriate behavior, including disrespect for Dr. Cooper or  the laborator teaching assistants, is subject to expulsion from one or more lecture/laboratory sessions without the opportunity to begin or complete the assigned exercises.  In cases of extremely inappropriate behavior, Dr. Cooper  will recommend more severe sanctions (including dismissal from the University).

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Throughout the semester, students will be submitting a number of written assignments for grading.  To help improve your writing and research skills, encourage collaborative online learning, and to ensure originality of student work, these assignments will be submitted electronically via Turnitin.com.  To begin the process of electronic submission, students need to login to Turnitin.com and create a User Profile.  It may be helpful to download the Turnitin Student User Guide (this is a PDF document) for detailed instructions regarding this activity.

To briefly summarize the process, students should point their web browser to http://www.turnitin.com to begin the login process.  Follow the instructions starting on page 4 of the Turnitin Student User Guide.  For your email address, you may use any active account.  However, remember that Dr. Cooper will only communicate with students via their MyYSU Email account.  Follow the process stated in the Turnitin Student User Guide to join my class, “Microbiology”.  The class/account ID is 1784805 and the join/enrollment password is “biol3702” (“biol” is all in lower case; the password is case-sensitive).  Once you have established your account, you are now ready to submit copies of your assignments.

Permission to Post Grades/Scores:

On a periodic basis, Dr. Cooper will post current scores on this web page (click on “Current Grades”  located near the top of this web page).   However, to have your grades/scores posted, you must give Dr. Cooper your explicit permission to do so using the Grade Posting Permission Form (downloadable as a PDF file) on which you must provide an unique personal identification number (PIN) of your own choosing.  These details will be covered in a handout given to students during the first meeting of the course.  A student's permission to post his/her grades/scores is revocable upon receipt by Dr. Cooper of a written request to do so.  Please Note: Once a student grants permission to post his/her grades/scores, provided that Dr. Cooper and the University take all reasonable security precautions, they shall hold no responsibility for the misappropriation of this information by other individuals.

Required MyYSU Mail Account:

All electronic communications with students enrolled in BIOL 4848/6948 will only be made using the University’s MyYSU Email system.  All BIOL 4848/6948 students must establish their MyYSU Email accounts if they have not done so already.  To activate your free MyYSU Emaill account, go the following URL: http://helpdesk.ysu.edu.  Please note that a MyYSU Email  account does not have to supplant your current non-MyYSU Email service.  A feature MyYSU Email is that all incoming messages can be forwarded to another email account.  Hence, you can retain your present services and still receive all communications from Dr. Cooper.

Acknowledgement of Syllabus:

Students are required to submit a signed and completed Syllabus Acknowledgement Form to Dr. Cooper no later than 2:00 PM on January 30th.  This form can be accesses as a PDF document through the button link below and elsewhere in the course web site.  Failure to properly submit this form will cause Dr. Cooper to withhold the administration of any examinations, quizzes, etc., as well as the recording of any scores/grades to the student(s) who do not comply with this requirement.   Should a student have any questions or concerns about this document or its contents, please contact Dr. Cooper,



Myxomycete fruiting bodies (courtesy of  MicrobeLibrary; www.microbelibrary.org)

Viewing This Web Page: The web pages associated with this course were produced by Dr. Cooper using the Composer function of Netscape 7.2.  While most web page browsers will read these electronic documents, their structural integrity seems best served by Netscape 7.2 and above.  Buttons used in thisbutton generator web page were created using ButtonGenerator.

If students do have a problem with this web page, please do notify Dr. Cooper.  The problem may be as simple as a broken or inaccurate link which can be readily solved.  Beyond that, contact the YSU Tech Desk by telephone at  330.941.1595 or by email at techdesk@cc.ysu.edu for help with your particular situation.

Important PDF Documents

revised 1/23/07
Click the button to download a PDF version of the
Lecture Schedule for the Spring 2007 Semester

This button downloads a PDF version of the
Laboratory Schedule for the Spring 2007 Semester

This button downloads a PDF version of the Grade Posting
  Permission Form for the Spring 2007 Semester

This button downloads a PDF version of the Syllabus
Acknowledgement Form
for the Spring 2007 Semester

lab rules

This link downloads a PDF version of the
Laboratory Safety Guidelines/Procedures

Lecture Outlines

Click the appropriate text link to download a PDF version of the lecture outline.  (Note: If the Chapter link is not highlighted/underlined, then the outline is not yet available.)

Chapter  1     Genetics Lecture     Chapter 26
(PowerPoint Presentation)

Chapter  2     Chapter 12     Chapter 27

Chapter  3     Chapter 13     Chapter 31

Chapter  4     Chapter 16    Chapter 32

Chapter  5     Chapter 17     Chapter 33

Chapter  6     Chapter 18     Chapter 34

Chapter  7     Chapter 19     Chapter 38

Chapter  8     Chapter 20     Chapter 39

Chapter  9     Chapter 21-24    Chapter 40

Chapter  10     Chapter 25 

Take-Home Examinations

Click the appropriate text link to download a PDF version of the take-home examination. (Note: If the Examination link is not highlighted/underlined, then the examination is not yet available.)

Take-Home Exam I     Take-Home Exam II

  Take-Home Exam III     Take-Home Exam IV

Laboratory Information:

BIOL 3702 Laboratory Home Page
[replaces this web page]

Cushwa Hall, Room 2121

Sections - Mondays and Wednesdays

8:00 AM - 9:30 AM (Course Code 0370)
1:00 PM - 2:30 PM (Course Code 0371)
3:00 PM - 4:30 PM (Course Code 0372)

Sections - Tuesday and Thursday

10:00 AM - 11:30 AM (Course Code 0373)

This button downloads a PDF version of the
Laboratory Schedule for the Spring 2007 Semester

This button downloads a PDF containing
the TA contact information/office hours

This button downloads a PDF version of the
Laboratory Safety Guidelines/Procedures

Lecture Calendar [revised 1/23/07]

revised 2/3/07
Click the button to download a PDF version of the
Lecture Schedule for the Spring 2007 Semester

Go to desired month by pressing the
appropriate underlined link

January     February     March     April     May


Wednesday, January 17th

Introduction to Biology 3702

Friday, January 19th

  • Lecture Topic: The History and Scope of Microbiology
  • Assignment: Chapter 1

Monday, January 22nd

  • Lecture Topic: The History and Scope of Microbiology (cont.)
  • Lecture Topic: The Study of Microbial Structure: Microscopy and Specimen Preparation
  • Assignment: Chapter 2

Wednesday, January 24th

  • Lecture Topic: The Study of Microbial Structure: Microscopy and Specimen Preparation (cont.)
  • Lecture Topic: Procaryotic Cell Structure and Function
  • Assignment: Chapter 3

Friday, January 26th

  • Lecture Topic: Procaryotic Cell Structure and Function (cont.)
  • Lecture Topic:  Eucaryotic Cell Structure and Function
  • Assignment: Chapter 4

Monday, January 29th

Quiz 1
  • Lecture Topic: Eucaryotic Cell Structure and Function (cont.)

Wednesday, January 31st

  • Lecture Topic: Microbial Nutrition
  • Assignment: Chapter 5

Friday, February 2nd

  • Lecture Topic: Microbial Growth
  • Assignment: Chapter 6, pages 109-112, 114-117, and 118-128

Monday, February 5th

Quiz 2

Take-Home Examination I is
available for downloading

  • Lecture Topic: Control of Microorganisms by Physical and Chemical Agents
  • Assignment: Chapter 7

Wednesday, February 7th

  • Lecture Topic: Metabolism: Energy, Enzymes, and Regulation
  • Assignment: Chapter 8

Friday, February 9th

Take-Home Examination I due by 10:00 AM

Examination I – covers Chapters 1 through 7

Monday, February 12th

Quiz 3
  • Lecture Topic: Metabolism: Energy Release and Conservation
  • Assignment: Chapter 9

Wednesday, February 14th
  • Lecture Topic: Metabolism: Energy Release and Conservation (cont.)

Friday, February 16th
  • Lecture Topic: Metabolism: The Use of Energy in Biosynthesis
  • Assignment: Chapter 10, pages 199-216

Monday, February 19th

Quiz 4
  • Lecture Topic: Genes: Structure, Replication, and Mutation
  • Assignment: Chapter 11

Wednesday, February 21st

  • Lecture Topic: Genes: Structure, Replication, and Mutation (cont.)

Friday, February 23rd

  • Lecture Topic: Genes: Expression and Regulation
  • Assignment: Chapter 12, pages 253-279

Monday, February 26th

Quiz 5
  • Lecture Topic: Genes: Expression and Regulation (cont.)

Wednesday, February 28th

Term Paper Topic and References Due
  • Lecture Topic: Genes: Microbial Recombination and Plasmids
  • Assignment: Chapter 13, pages 286-306

Friday, March 2nd

Take-Home Examination II
is available for downloading
  • Lecture Topic: Genes: Microbial Recombination and Plasmids (cont.)

Monday, March 5th

Quiz 6
  • Lecture Topic: The Viruses: Introduction and General Characteristics
  • Assignment: Chapter 16

Wednesday, March 7th

  • Lecture Topic: The Viruses: Bacteriophages
  • Assignment: Chapter 17

Friday, March 9th

Take-Home Examination II due by 10:00 AM

Examination II – covers chapters 8 through 13


Monday, March 12th through Friday, March 16th
No Lectures – Spring Break


Monday, March 19th
  • Lecture Topic: The Viruses: Viruses of Eucaryotes
  • Assignment: Chapter 18

Wednesday, March 21st

  • Lecture Topic: Microbial Taxonomy
  • Assignment: Chapter 19

Friday, March 23rd
  • Lecture Topic: The Archaea
  • Assignment: Chapter 20

Monday, March 26th

Quiz 7

Rough draft version of
Term Paper due by 10:00 AM

  • Lecture Topic: Survey of the Bacteria
  • Assignment: Chapters 21-24 (Note: specific pages will be assigned)

Wednesday, March 28th
  • Lecture Topic: Survey of the Bacteria (cont.)

Friday, March 30th
  • Lecture Topic: Survey of the Bacteria (cont.)

Monday, April 2nd

Quiz 8
  • Lecture Topic: The Fungi (Eumycota), Slime Molds, and Water Molds
  • Assignment: Chapter 25
  • Lecture Topic: The Algae
  • Assignment: Chapter 26

Wednesday, April 4th
  • Lecture Topic: The Algae (cont.)
  • Lecture Topic: The Protozoa
  • Assignment: Chapter 27

Friday, April 6th

Take-Home Examination III
is available for downloading
  • Lecture Topic: The Protozoa (cont.)

Monday, April 9th

Take-Home Examination III due by 10:00 AM

Examination III – covers chapters
16 through 27

Wednesday, April 11th
  • Lecture Topic: Normal Microbiota and Nonspecific Host Resistance
  • Assignment: Chapter 31

Friday, April 13th
  • Lecture Topic: Normal Microbiota and Nonspecific Host Resistance (cont.)
  • Lecture Topic: Specific (Adaptive) Immunity
  • Assignment: Chapter 32

Monday, April 16th

Quiz 9
  • Lecture Topic: Specific (Adaptive) Immunity (cont.)

Wednesday, April 18th
  • Lecture Topic: Medical Immunology
  • Assignment: Chapter 33, pages 739-751
  • Lecture Topic: Pathogenicity of Microorganisms
  • Assignment: Chapter 34

Friday, April 20th
  • Lecture Topic: Pathogenicity of Microorganisms (cont.)

Monday, April 23rd

Quiz 10

Final version of Term Paper due by 10:00 AM
  • Lecture Topic: Human Diseases Caused By Viruses
  • Assignment: Chapter 38 (selected diseases will be covered)

Wednesday, April 25th
  • Lecture Topic: Human Diseases Caused By Viruses (cont.)
Friday, April 27th
  • Lecture Topic: Human Diseases Caused By Bacteria
  • Assignment: Chapter 39 (selected diseases will be covered)

Monday, April 30th

Quiz 11

Take-Home Examination IV
is available for downloading

  • Lecture Topic: Human Diseases Caused By Bacteria (cont.)

Wednesday, May 2nd
  • Lecture Topic: Human Diseases Caused By Fungi and Protozoa
  • Assignment: Chapter 39 (selected diseases will be covered)

Friday, May 4th

Take-Home Examination IV due by 10:00 AM

Lecture Activity to be Announced

Friday, May 11th

Examination IV  – covers chapters 31 through 34 and 38 through 40