three bacterial morphology types: coccus, rod, and spirillum  YSU logo  conidiophores of Talaromyces marneffei, a pathogenic fungus

© 2022 Chester R. Cooper, Jr.

BIOL 3702: Sources Used

(January 1, 2022)

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All material presented to students in this laboratory course represents either

i)      selected portions of information contained within the various commercially-available laboratory manuals or supplementary material;

ii)     information published in the scientific literature;

iii)    current issues reported by the news media or professional microbiologists; or

iv)   knowledge otherwise commonly known to professional microbiologists. 

I make no claim of “ownership” of facts and/or ideas presented in this course unless specifically noted.  All facts and/or ideas are used solely for educational purposes.  I make every effort to appropriately attribute facts and/or ideas to their proper sources.

A number of images used in the laboratory exercises were downloaded from the internet.  I have done my best to cite the source of these images.  I beg the indulgence of the owners of these images with my intent that they are only being used for educational purposes.  I claim no ownership of images within any exercise except those bearing my copyright.

I have also posted throughout these web pages and accompanying laboratory exercises links to a number of videos.  Again, the use of these videos is intended solely for educational purposes and I claim no ownership of them.

Published sources that were used in the development this manual are cited within some of the exercises, whereas some ideas as well as inspiration were garnered from the following:

·      American Society for Microbiology

o   Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education (

o   Laboratory Protocols (

o   Curriculum Archives (

o   Image Gallery (

·      Laboratory Exercises in Microbiology, 10th Edition [2017] (John P. Harley, author; McGraw-Hill Education, Columbus, OH)

·      Microbiology: The Laboratory Experience [2016] (Steve Keating, author; W. W. Norton and Company, New York, NY)

·      Techniques in Microbiology: A Student Handbook [2007] (John M. Lammert, author; Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ)

·      At The Bench: A Laboratory Navigator [1998] (Kathy Baker, author; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY)

·      Microbe Online (

·      Microbugz (

·      Microbiology Online (

The above list is not necessarily wholly comprehensive.  Throughout my teaching I commonly encounter a number of potential sources for information and ideas for implementing in this course.  As I can, I shall add to the list.

Dr. Cooper welcomes any constructive comments regarding these or other sources.

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© 2022 Chester R. Cooper, Jr.