Costa Rica earth star
"Earth Star" fungi from Costa Rica [photo taken by Steven Swartwood (2001)]

Biology of Fungi

BIOL 4848/6948

Fall 2009 Semester

BIOL 4848 (
Undergraduate Level), CRN 44610
BIOL 6948 (
Graduate Level), CRN 44609
bird nest fungus
"Bird's Nest" fungus found on the YSU campus [Dr. Cooper's collecttion]

Course Instructor:
Dr. Chet Cooper, Professor

Lecture Day/Time: Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, 8:00 AM - 8:50 AM
Location: Ward Beecher Science Hall, Room 6029

Laboratory Day/Time (BIOL 6948 Only): Mondays, 11:00 AM - 1:50 PM
Location: Ward Beecher Science Hall, Room 3028

Initially Posted: Auguat 24, 2009
Revised/Updated: November 24, 2009

Copyright © 2005-2009 Chester R. Cooper, Jr.

Course Calendar Quick Links to the Week of

Aug. 24th     Aug. 31st      Sept. 7th     Sept. 14th     Sept. 21st     Sept. 28th    Oct. 5th     Oct. 12th

Oct. 19th     Oct. 26th    
Nov. 2nd     Nov. 9th     Nov. 16th     Nov. 23rd     Nov. 30th     Dec. 7th

Other Quick Links:

BIOL 6948 Lab Page       Current Grades       Grade Posting Permission Form       Syllabus Acknowledgement Form

Welcome to "Biology of Fungi"

dr cI am Dr. Chet Cooper, your course instructor for BIOL 4848/6948,
Biology of Fungi.  BIOL 4848 is three semester-hour upper-division course at Youngstown State University (YSU)  intended for undergraduate students majoring in biology, but students majoring in chemistry or any of the other "hard" sciences may also find this course quite beneficial.  BIOL 6948 is a four semester-hour graduate student version of this course.  The major difference is that graduate students enrolled in BIOL 6948 will be expected to perform at a higher level of scholarship, including active participation in the integrated laboratory component of the course. 

As your instructor, I am wholly committed to providing you a sound education in the foundations of fungal biology, which is also known by the scientific term "mycology" [myco = fungi; ology = the study of].  With the same commitment on your part, I guarantee that your experiences in this course will give you a different and accurate perspective of the role that fungi play in our daily lives.

The BIOL 4848/6948 Home Page has been constructed to contain all the necessary information that students need to actively participate in this course.  In essence, it represents my syllabus for Biology of Fungi.  In addition, this and the other web pages associated with this course provide a number of valuable resources for learning the principles of mycology.  Embedded within this web page are numerous links to various documents, web sites, and current information that form an integral part of BIOL 4848/6948.   lycogalaI strongly encourage students to refer often to the links in these web pages and exploit all the potential information contained therein to enhance their mycological knowledge.

Lycogala epidendrum, a type of slime mold
[taken from The Fifth Kingdom on CD-ROM,
2005; © Bryce Kendrick]

I very much look forward to an exceptional enjoyable semester as your mycology instructor.  Should you have any questions or comments about anything related to this, please be sure to contact me.

Best Wishes for a Great Semester in BIOL 4848/6948, Biology of Fungi!

                                                                                     dr c. sig

                                                  [Back To Top of Page]

Course Description:

The lecture portions of this course will examine members of the fungal kingdom as well as fungal-like organisms.  The teaching emphasis will be placed upon their taxonomy, phylogenetic relationships, cell structure and function, growth, reproduction, physiology, genetics, and ecology.  Specialized topics related to the role of fungi in agriculture, medicine, and scientific research will be explored as well.   Students wishing to enroll in this course must have taken BIOL 3702 (Microbiology) (or its equivalent at another institution) and passed the course with a grade of C or better.

The lecture for both undergraduate students (BIOL 4848) and graduate students (BIOL 6948) will meet on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday from 8:00 - 8:50 AM in Room 6029 of Ward Beecher Science Hall.  I will begin lecture exactly at 8:00 AM, so please don't be tardy.

In addition to the lecture session, graduate students must participate in a laboratory section integrated into BIOL 6948.  The laboratory is schedule to meet once per week
onMonddays from 11:00 AM - 1:50 PM in Room 3028 of Ward Beecher Science Hall.  However, students should be aware that extra time outside of the scheduled laboratory period will be required for certain portions of the exercises to be conducted in this course.   These requirements and expectations will be more fully discussed at the first laboratory meeting.

Course Goals and Objectives:

he goal of BIOL 4848/6948 is to prepare students for professional careers in a biological-related field that employs the principles of fungal biology.  This goal will be achieved through the mastery of the following specific objectives:

  • Discover how other disciplines contributed to the study of fungi;
  • Learn the concepts of fungal anatomy, growth, metabolism, and genetics;
  • Identify factors associated with fungal cellular development;
  • Discern the foundations of fungal taxonomy and phylogeny;
  • Comprehend the nature of fungal biodiversity;
  • Appreciate the role of fungi in human affairs;
  • Recognize the importance of proper dissemination of information; and
  • Understand the contributions of fungi to fundamental biological concepts.

Course Materials:

 The lecture portion of the this course for all students will come mainly from material covered in Deacon's text (see below).  The information provided therein will be
supplemented with additional material from a variety of sources, some of which are available to students through books, literature, and the internet.  As indicated below and elsewhere in this web syllabus, some of these materials can be viewed on reserve in the Maag Library, and some can be downloaded for free.  Some can be purchased from different sources.  It is the student's option.

Finally, I have placed a number of items, including the required text, on reserve in the library.  Please be courteous of others in your use of these books.

Required Book: (For All Students)

deacon cover
Fungal Biology, 4th ed. (2006) by Jim Deacon

[softcover cost, approximately $92 via Blackwell Publishing; this book should also be available at the YSU Bookstore]

There is also a web page associated with this textbook that can be access via the button link below:

Deacon Web

The Maag Library copy of this book has been placed on reserve for use by the entire class.

Required Laboratory Data Book: (For Graduate Students Only!)

Graduate students will need to acquire a bound laboratory notebook (e.g., composition book).  Loose-leaf notebooks are not acceptable.  The proper use of the notebook for recording laboratory data will be reviewed by Dr. Cooper.

Additional Text Resource

growing fungus cover
The Growing Fungus (1995) by Neil A. Gow and Geoffrey M. Gadd (eds.)

[softcover cost via online vendors, approximately $135]

This book is freely available online, through the button link below, to members of the YSU community using an on campus computer or YSU dail-in service.

Growing Fungus

Using this link requires that you establish an accout with

On Library Reserve:

In addition to those texts noted above, the following text has been placed on reserve in Maag Library as a reference source.

fifth kingdom cover
The Fifth Kingdom, 2nd ed. (1992) by Bryce Kendrick

Note: The copy of this book  placed on reserve for use by the entire class is an older version of the latest edition listed below.  This newer edition might be obtained via interlibrary loan.

The Fifth Kingdom, 3rd ed. (2001) by Bryce Kendrick

[softcover cost, approximately $44 via Mycologue Publications
this book should also be available at the YSU Bookstore]

Several chapters of this text are freely available online by clicking on the button link below:

5th Kingdom

the fungi cover
The Fungi, 2nd ed. (2001) by Michael J. Carlile, Sarah C. Watkinson, and Graham W. Gooday

[softcover cost, approximately $51 via Elsevier]

fungi sex
Sex in Fungi: Molecular Determination and Evolutionary Implications (2007) ed. by  Joseph Heitman, James W. Kronstad,  John W. Taylor, and Lorna A Casselton

[hardcover cost, approximately $170 via ASM Press]

Dr. Cooper's Contact Information:

Dr. Cooper welcomes the opportunity to interact with students outside the classroom and encourages you to visit him as often as needed.  However, Dr. Cooper has two general requests: i) please don't just "drop in" to his office outside office hours unless it is absolutely critical for you to do so, and ii) please don't visit him the hour preceeding lecture when he is busy preparing for class.  Otherwise, Dr. Cooper holds five office hours per week (days/times listed below).  If these do not fit your schedule, please call or email Dr. Cooper with times/dates that you are open so he can schedule an appointment with you.  And, most importantly, do not wait until the day before or the morning of an examination to seek help from Dr. Cooper.

Also, please note that
Dr. Cooper is often called away to unanticiapted events during his scheduled office hours.  There are also days that Dr. Cooper must be away (these are listed below).  If you know you are needing to visit Dr. Cooper, it would be a good idea to confirm that he is available.  If he does get called away, he will set a special appointment for you to meet with him.
Office Location:
Room 3016,  Ward Beecher Science Hall

(PLEASE NOTE: Dr. Cooper's office is located in a secured wing of the building.  You will need to use the telephone on the wall to the left of the secured glass doors to dial his extension [x1361] and he will come and escort you to his office.  DO NOT ask others to let you in the secured area without an escort!)

Office Hours: 
Mondays and Fridays (8/24/09 through 12/04/09)
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
[Please Note: No office hours will be held on the following Fridays: 9/11, 10/9, 11/6, and 11/13]

(8/26/09 through 12/02/09)
10:00 AM - 12:00 PM
[Please Note: No office hours will be held on the following Wednesdays: 9/2 and 10/7]

                     Telephone/Voice Mail:                         Email:

Resources Used By The Course Instructor:

Unless otherwise noted by Dr. Cooper, all material presented to students in this course represents either i) selected portions of information contained within the course’s textbook(s) or supplementary material, ii) information published in the scientific literature, iii) current issues reported by the news media, or iv) knowledge otherwise commonly known to professional microbiologists or mycologists.  Dr. Cooper makes no claim of “ownership” of facts and/or ideas presented in this course unless specifically noted.  All facts and/or ideas are used solely for educational purposes.  Dr. Cooper makes every effort to appropriately attribute facts and/or ideas to their proper sources.

Academic Dishonesty:

Academic dishonesty, in any form, will not be tolerated in this course.

Students are urged to read the section on “Academic Honesty” as 
printed on page 40 of the YSU Undergraduate Bulletin, 2006-2007.  Students should also be aware of pertinent sections in The Code (the latter  is a PDF document).

Any student enrolled in BIOL 4848/6948 shown to have committed academic dishonesty in this course is deemed solely accountable for his/her actions and will receive a final course grade of “F”.   Additional sanctions may also be sought, i.e., a recommendation by the instructor for dismissal of the student from the University.

Be aware that this policy includes unauthorized access of computer files associated with this course.  The web site files associated with BIOL 4848/6948 are monitored for unauthorized access.  Entering these files even by “accident” will be considered a violation of academic integrity.

Disability Statement:

In accordance with University procedures, students who have a documented disability and require accommodations to obtain equal acess in this course must contact Dr. Cooper privately to discuss the individual's specific needs.  Persons enrolled in this course and currently having a documented disability must notify Dr. Cooper of their needs no later than September 2, 2009.  In addition, students having a disability must be properly registered with the Disability Services Office (36 W. Wood Street; Office Phone: 330-941-1372; TDD Phone: 330-941-1564; Fax Number: 330-941-7470).  Also, to be properly registered, a letter of accommodations verifying the student's eligibilty must be provided.  Individuals who develop a disability during the semester must notify Dr. Cooper within one week after being properly registered with the Disability Services Office.  Students with disabilities are reminded that in addition to certain rights and privileges covered by law and University policy, they also have obligations and responsibilities that must be met.  Students are strongly encouraged to review these rights and responsibilities as outlined on the Disability Services Office web page.


While attendance will not be taken, students are expected to attend all lectures.  Likewise, graduate students are expected to attend all laboratory sessions.  Arriving late to lecture or laboratory is not an acceptable practice for students in this course. The lecture for this course begins promptly at 8:00 AM  throughout the semester on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.  The laboratory section for graduate students begins promptly at 11:00 AM  on Mondays.  (NOTE: This course operates on “Ward Beecher Time” which may or may not correlate to the time that exists at other places on campus.  Students are strongly encouraged to synchronize their timepieces.) 

Special Attendance Note #1: 
Except for extenuating circumstances, it is generally unacceptable for a student to request to take an examination at a time other than the scheduled date.  Having a second examination the day before, the day after, or on the same day is absolutely certain not to evoke any sympathy from Dr. Cooper (after all, the nickname given to him by his admirers is BOB, an acronym for Bastard of Biology!).  Please do not even ask for special dispensation for such a reason.  However, Dr. Cooper is willing to listen (and perhaps chuckle to himself) other reasons that a student may deem to be extenuating (please note - havng in excess of two grandmothers die during the semester will be considered suspicously gratuitous).  The decision regarding the student's reasoned argument/request for a change in the examination date/time is solely at Dr. Cooper's discretion and, once rendered, is final.

Special Attendance Note #2:  It is entirely unacceptable for any student to request that he/she be permitted to take Examination III earlier than November 25th (the day before Thanksgiving Break) in order to shorten their time on campus.  DO NOT MAKE PLANS TO LEAVE CAMPUS UNTIL 9:00 AM THAT DAY!  Such requests will not only be acidly received, they will be strongly rebuked.   Dr. Cooper's advice - Don't Mess With BOB.

Special Attendance Note #3:  Attention Graduate Students!!!  The lab  will run on a "24/7" basis, i.e., you can do your work in the lab anytime, anyday - and you will be expected to put in time beyond the stated laboratory period.

Required MyYSU Mail Account:

All electronic communications with students enrolled in BIOL 4848/6948 will only be made using the University’s MyYSU Email system.  All BIOL 4848/6948 students must establish their MyYSU Email accounts if they have not done so already.  To activate your free MyYSU Emaill account, go the following URL:  Please note that a MyYSU Email  account does not have to supplant your current non-MyYSU Email service.  A feature MyYSU Email is that all incoming messages can be forwarded to another email account.  Hence, you can retain your present services and still receive all communications from Dr. Cooper.

Distribution of Course Material:

All original material on the BIOL 4848/6948 course web site, as well as all original material presented in either the classroom or laboratory, including orally-transmitted lectures, is considered protected by a copyright held by Dr. Cooper.  In general, students enrolled in BIOL 4848/6948 have permission to download, print, and distribute materials copyrighted by Dr. Cooper without his expressed written permission so long as such materials are not used for activities i) associated with the commission of academic dishonesty, ii) intended to circumvent course policies, iii) which result in monetary profit by either the student or others, and iv) that do not violate copyright protections.  For further information, please see Copyright Restrictions.

Other Responsibilities/Expected Behavior:

Electronic Communication/Data Storage Devices.  During lecture and laboratory, all cellular telephones, pagers, or other electronic communication devices must be turned off or set in the quiet/vibration mode of operation.  Data storage devices (e.g., personal desk assistants, lap top computers, etc.) may be used during lectures and only if they do not cause distraction to other students or the course instructor.  Students failing to meet this expectation will be invited to leave the classroom until such time that they comply with this policy.

During examinations, quizzes, etc., all electronic devices (including cellular telephones, personal desktop assistants, computers, etc.) are strictly prohibited.  Students violating this policy will be suspected to have committed academic dishonesty.

Recording of Lectures.  Students are reminded that Dr. Cooper’s lectures are copyright protected (see Distribution of Course Material above).  However, students are permitted to electronically record lectures in the classroom provided that: i) such activity is not disruptive to the instructor or fellow students; ii) the recording is used solely for the personal study of the student making the recording; iii) the recording is not sold or transmitted to others in any form without the expressed written permission of Dr. Cooper; and iv) the recording does not serve as a substitute for attending class or actively participating in the lecture.

Examinations and Quizzes.  Specific dates for lecture examinations have been scheduled in advance (see Course Calendar).  All students are expected to be in attendance unless prior arrangements have been made with Dr Cooper.  Due to extenuating circumstances, the examination dates may be changed at the discretion of Dr. Cooper.

Examinations are to be taken without assistance from other students.  If you are aware of any student cheating or having a copy of the current exam, please contact the instructor.  Academic dishonesty in any form will not be tolerated in this course.  Penalties for such action will be enforced (see Academic Dishonesty above).

Decorum.  At all times, students are expected to exhibit behavior appropriate for young (or even older) adults.  Such behavior is delimited by University policy.  Inappropriate behavior, including disrespect for Dr. Cooper, is subject to expulsion from one or more lecture sessions without the opportunity to begin or complete the assigned exercises.  In cases of extremely inappropriate behavior, Dr. Cooper will recommend more severe sanctions (including dismissal from the University).

Throughout the semester, students will be submitting several written assignments for grading.  To help improve your writing and research skills, encourage collaborative online learning, and to ensure originality of student work, these assignments will be submitted electronically via  To begin the process of electronic submission, students need to login to and create a User Profile.  It may be helpful to download the Turnitin Student User Guide (this is a PDF document) for detailed instructions regarding this activity.

To briefly summarize the process, students should point their web browser to to begin the login process.  Follow the instructions starting on page 4 of the Turnitin Student User Guide.  For your email address, you may use any active account.  However, remember that Dr. Cooper will only communicate with students via their MyYSU Email account.  Follow the process stated in the Turnitin Student User Guide to join my class, “Biology of Fungi”.  The class/account ID is 2820178 and the join/enrollment password is “biol4848” (“biol” is all in lower case; the password is case-sensitive).  Once you have established your account, you are now ready to submit copies of your assignments.


Grading Scale for Undergraduates.  A student’s final grade in BIOL 4848 will be based upon scores earned by different evaluation schemes throughout the semester.  There are a total of 400 points available for the student to earn.  Final course grades will be assigned based upon the following scale:

To Earn a Grade of:
You Must Earn:
360 points or more
320 to 359 points
280 to 319 points
240 to 279 points:
Less tha 240 points
NOTE: This scale is absolute.  You must have earned the required number of points to receive the desired grade.  In other words, a student earning 359 points will receive a grade of "B".  No exceptions will be made except in cases of mathematical error on the part of the course instructor.  Moreover, proof of error rests entirely with the student.  Any requests for additional points, "curving", or consideration for so-called extenuating circumstances will be resoundly rejected.

Grading Scale for Graduate students.  A student’s final grade in BIOL 6948 will be based upon scores earned by different evaluation schemes throughout the semester.  There are a total of 700 points available for the student to earn.  Final course grades will be assigned based upon the following scale:

To Earn a Grade of:
You Must Earn:
630 points or more
560 to 629 points
490 to 559 points
4200 to 489points:
Less than 420 points
NOTE: This scale is absolute.  You must have earned the required number of points to receive the desired grade.  In other words, a student earning 629 points will receive a grade of "B".  No exceptions will be made except in cases of mathematical error on the part of the course instructor.  Moreover, proof of error rests entirely with the student.  Any requests for additional points, "curving", or consideration for so-called extenuating circumstances will be resoundly rejected.

Incomplete Grade.  An incomplete grade can only be given when requested by a student having an approved extenuating circumstance (as deemed justifiable solely by Dr. Cooper) as well as a passing grade of "C" or better.  An incomplete grade must be resolved within the guidelines established by the University.  For specific information, see page 36 of the 2006-2007 version of the YSU Undergraduate Bulletin.

Grade Components.  The following table lists the different components that comprise the total available points in this course. Please note the different components for undergraduates enrolled in BIOL 4848 and graduate students enrolled in BIOL 6948.

Grade Component:
Examination I (BIOL 4848 Only)
Examination I (BIOL 6948 Only)
Examination II (BIOL 4848 Only) 75
Examination II (BIOL 6948 Only) 100
Examination III (BIOL 4848 Only) 75
Examination III (BIOL 6948 Only) 100
Examination IV - In-Class (All Students)
Special Assignment #1 (All Students) 25
Special Assignment #2 (All Students) 25
Special Assignment #3 (All Students) 25
Graduate Student  Lecture
Laboratory Research Paper (BIOL 6948 Only) 100
Laboratory Notebook (BIOL 6948 Only) 100
Total Available Points - BIOL 4848
Total Available Points - BIOL 6848

BONUS POINTS: A one-time opportunity to garner ten (15) bonus points will be offered as desribed below.

The following information provides a description and important information regarding each of the above grade components:

  • Examinations: Four examinations have been scheduled (see Course Calendar for specific dates).   Students should expect to be tested over all the material covered in lectures as well as that contained in the assigned readings.  Typically, Dr. Cooper does not take examination questions from material outside of that covered in lecture unless he specifically informs students that they are responsible for the information from other sources such as the reading assignments. Examination questions may be of any type, including essay, short answer, fill-in-the-blank, true/false, multiple choice, and/or matching.
  • Laboratory Research Paper and Notebook (BIOL 6848 Students Only):  Graduate students must submit a research paper on the topic of their laboratory work to by 5:00 PM on December 7th and a hard copy to Dr. Cooper by the same time on the same day.  The laboratory notebook that the student kept is due at that time as well.  Specific details as to the composition of the paper and notebook will be provided by Dr. Cooper early in the semester.  The research paper is worth up to 100 points and the notebook is worth up to 100 points of a student's course score/grade.
  • Extra Credit: None!  And please don't ask for any!

Return of Scores.  Dr. Cooper makes every effort to return examination scores, quizzes, etc., in a reasonable time frame.  Please be patient.  Grading assignments/tests by hand is a rather time consuming exercise and machine-graded examinations/quizzes often are delayed due to mechanical problems or delays with the campus mail. 

Examinations, quizzes, etc. will be returned at the end of a particular lecture after the scores have been recorded.  A student absent from class when a graded paper/examination is returned must see Dr. Cooper during his scheduled office hours or otherwise make an appointment to meet with him.

Re-grading.  Though it does not happen often, errors in grading do occur.  In addition, badly worded questions sometimes are incorporated into an examination or quiz.  Other errors or omissions can also occur such as the absence of any possible answers to multiple-choice questions.  Students who believe that an error has been committed are always able to appeal their case to Dr. Cooper.  However, students requesting a review of grading or scores are apprised of the following conditions:

  • All requests for re-grading/re-scoring must come within 72 hours (not including holidays and weekends), of scores being returned or posted, whichever comes first.  Requests that are submitted beyond that time frame will not be honored.
  • Frivolous requests for re-scoring/re-grading items will be rejected without further appeal.  The determination of "frivolous" is entirely at Dr. Cooper's discretion.
  • Students must present written arguments for re-scoring/re-grading an item.  The argument must describe the nature of the dispute and have supported reasons why an item should be re-scored/re-graded.  The determination if an argument is justified and actionable is entirely at Dr. Cooper's discretion.
  • On any appeal for re-grading or re-scoring, Dr. Cooper reserves the right to re-grade and/or re-score the entire examination, quiz, etc., being  questioned.
  • Decisions to re-grade or re-score any item are entirely at the discretion of Dr. Cooper.  Once a decision has been made not to honor an appeal, or once a decision has been made that does not favor the student's argument, that decision is final.  No other appeals by that student pertaining to that particular examination, quiz, etc., will be heard.

Students are strongly encouraged to consider the above conditions prior to making an appeal for re-grading or re-scoring of an item.

ysupete    ysu word mark

Course Calendar (Lecture Only)
[NOTE: Specific dates and topics subject to change.  Also, additional reading/reference material will be added to this calendar on a regular basis.  Please check this calendar periodically for these changes/additions.]
Week of August 24th

  • Introduction to BIOL 4848/6948
  • What are Fungi (Deacon, Chapter 1)
[Lecture Slides, Ch1 - PDF file]

Week of August 31st
  • The Diversity of Fungi (Deacon, Chapter 2)
[Lecture Slides, Part Ch2A - PDF file]

[Lecture Slides, Part Ch2B - PDF file]
  • Special Assignment #1 for Wed., Sept. 2nd (No Formal Class Meeting)

  • [Spec. Assign. #1 -  PDF file]

Week of September 7th
  • Mon., Sept 7th - No Class (Holiday)
  • Fungal Systematics (cont.)
        [Lecture Slides, Part Ch2C - PDF file]
  • Special Assignment #2 for Fri., Sept. 11th (No Formal Class Meeting)
         [Spec. Assign. #2 -  PDF file]

Week of September 14th
  • Fungal Structure and Ultrastructure (Deacon, Chapter 3)
       [Lecture Slides, Part Ch3A - PDF file]        [Lecture Slides, Part Ch3B - PDF file]        [Lecture Slides, Part Ch3C - PDF file]
Week of September 21st
  • Fungal Growth (Deacon, Chapter 4)
  • Fri., Sept. 25th - Examination I

Week of September 28th
  • Differentiation and Development (Deacon, Chapter 5)
       [Lecture Slides, Part Ch4A - PDF file]

       [Lecture Slides, Part Ch4B - PDF file]
  • Fungal Nutrition and Metabolism (Deacon, Chapters 6, 7, and 8)
Week of  October 5th
  • Fungal Nutrition and Metabolism (cont.)
  • Special Assignment #3 for Wed. and Fri., Oct. 7th and 9th - To Be Announced (No Formal Class Meetings)
Week of  October 12th
  • Fungal Nutrition and Metabolism (cont.)

Week of  October 19th
  • Mon., Oct. 19th - Examination II [specific date subject to change]
    Fungal Genetics and Genomics (Deacon, Chapter 9)

    Lecture Slides, Ch9 - PDF file]
Week of  October 26th
  • Fungal Genetics and Genomics (cont.)
  • Fungal Spores - Dormancy and Dispersal (Deacon, Chapter 10)
Week of  November 2nd
  • Fungal Spores - Dormancy and Dispersal (cont.)
          [Lecture Slides, Ch10 - PDF file]

          [Presentation Slides - PDF file]
                 (Hydrophobin presentations)

Week of  November 9th
  • Mon., Nov., 9th Class Cancelled
  • Wed., Nov. 11th - No Class (Holiday)
  • Fri., Nov., 13th
          Graduate Student Presentation: 
          Deacon, Chapter 12

Week of  November 16th
  • Mon., Nov., 16th

Week of  November 23rd
  • Wed., Nov. 25th - Examination III [specific date subject to change]
  • Fri., Nov., 27th - No Class (Holiday)
Week of  November 30th

  • Mon., Nov., 30th

  • Graduate Student Presentation: Deacon, Chapter 17 [PDF]
  • Wed., Dec. 2nd - Special Topic (to be announced)
  • Fri., Dec. 4th - No Class [work on special topic]

Fri., Nov., 27th - No Class (Holiday)

Week of  December 7th

Examination IV (not comprehensive!) - will only include special topics covered during the week of November 30th

The examination will be given on
Monday, December 7th
8:00 AM - 10:00 AM
in Room 6029


Verpa bohemica, a type of edible morel (Phylum Ascomycota) [taken from The Fifth Kingdom on CD-ROM, 2005; © Bryce Kendrick]

A. versicolor

A false colored image of the conidia and conidiophores of Aspergillus versicolor as observed under a scanning electron microscope. This image is used with the expressed permission of Dr. Dennis Kunkel, who also holds the copyright to this and other images used throughout this course web page.  To see more stunning images like the above, as well as other microbes, visit Dr. Kunkel's web page at

nuclear behavior in basidium
Amimation of nulcear fusion and meiosis during spored formation in a fungal basidium [taken from The Fifth Kingdom on CD-ROM, 2005; © Bryce Kendrick]

two headed ed

No, that's not a goiter!!!  The Biology Department's own Mr. Ed Budde displays a giant puffball fungus that he picked earllier that day from his own yard.  In case you are confused, Ed is the guy on the left!  (Image © Chet Cooper)


The sporangium of Absidia corymbifera (Phylum Zygomycota) containing numerous sporangiospores [courtesy of Dr. Michael McGinnis, University of Texas Medical Branch]

ira salkin

The face of this striking individual belongs to Dr. Ira Salkin, Dr. Cooper's first boss/mentor after earning his Ph.D.  Dr. Salkin is recently retired from the New York State Department of Health where he served in numerous capacities including Director of the Mycology Laboratories.

mike mcginnis

Dr. Cooper's good friend and colleague, Dr. Michael McGinnis, a reknown medical mycologist, resting under one of his new discoveries - Gargantiagaricus lavendera.  Dr. McGinnis recently retired from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.
[photo taken from a recent article in the UTMB Magazine; Copyright
© 2005 University of Texas Medical Branch]

dolipore septum

Transmission electron micrograph of a dolipore-type septum typically found in basidiomycetes [taken from The Fifth Kingdom on CD-ROM, 2005; © Bryce Kendrick]

jim haris

This distinguished gentleman is Dr. James L. Harris, recently retired from the Texas Department of Health.  Dr. Cooper's first experiences with the fungi came through undergraduate mycology courses taught by Dr. Harris at the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown.  [The above photo was taken from the following web site:].


This handsome dude is Dr. Cooper's former mentor and major professor, Dr. Paul Szaniszlo, of the University of Texas at Austin.  Dr. Szaniszlo is an expert in the molecular biology of fungal morphogenesis, particularly of those darkly pigmented fungi that cause the diseases termed phaeohyphomycosis and chromoblastomycosis.  To learn more about Dr. Szaniszlo and his research interests, point your web browser to the following URL:  Dr. Szaniszlo recently retired from  the University of Texas.

Quick Links:

BIOL 6948 Lab Page
Current Grades

Grade Posting Permission Form

Syllabus Acknowledgement Form

Permission to Post Grades/Scores:

On a periodic basis, Dr. Cooper will post current scores via a link that is usually located near the top oon this web page.  However, to have your grades/scores posted, you must give Dr. Cooper your explicit permission to do so using the Grade Posting Permission Form (downloadable as a PDF file) on which you must provide an unique personal identification number (PIN) of your own choosing.  These details will be covered in a handout given to students during the first meeting of the course.  A student's permission to post his/her grades/scores is revocable upon receipt by Dr. Cooper of a written request to do so.  Please Note: Once a student grants permission to post his/her grades/scores, provided that Dr. Cooper and the University take all reasonable security precautions, they shall hold no responsibility for the misappropriation of this information by other individuals.


Acknowledgement of Syllabus:

Students are required to submit a signed and completed Syllabus Acknowledgement Form to Dr. Cooper no later than 5:00 PM on September 2nd.  This form can be accesses as a PDF document through the button link below and elsewhere in the course web site.  Failure to properly submit this form will cause Dr. Cooper to withhold the administration of any examinations, quizzes, etc., as well as the recording of any scores/grades to the student(s) who do not comply with this requirement.   Should a student have any questions or concerns about this document or its contents, please contact Dr. Cooper.


Assistance with the BIOL 4848/6948 Web Pages:

A very important fact that every student in BIOL 4848/6948 should know:

Dr. Cooper is not a computer geek!

Dr. Cooper has absolutely no clue as to how computers and software work, neither does he care to learn the intricate details.  He has struggled mightily in just learning how to put this web syllabus together.  Hence, students are advised that he can be of no help whatsoever in assisting you in solving problems such as "Why can't I download the PDF document?" or "I can't open the document that I downloaded!"

That being noted, if students do have a problem with this web page, please do notify Dr. Cooper.  The problem may be as simple as a broken or inaccurate link which can be readily solved.  Beyond that, contact the YSU Tech Desk by telephone at  330.941.1595 or by email at for help with your particular situation.

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Copyright © 2005-2009 Chester R. Cooper, Jr.