The administration of Youngstown State University requires that all electronic resources associated with my teaching duties be in compliance with the American Disabilities Act.  While I whole-heartedly support open, easy, and transparent access by all to the materials associated with my teaching responsibilities, I am unable to comply with this requirement due to the unreasonable and untenable means by which this unsupported demand has been implemented.  Hence, I am removing all electronic teaching materials from this server, including access to lecture notes, laboratory exercises, etc. 


My apologies to the students in my courses, but I will seek other rational and practical means by which the appropriate educational materials can be delivered to you.  If you have an accessibility need, please contact me privately by email ( and I will strive to fulfill your request.


Chester R. Cooper, Jr., Ph.D.

Professor, Biological Sciences